Facing Injustice: The Relocation of Japanese Canadians
Producer: Past Perfect Productions
Subject: Canadian History, Canadian Social Studies, Canadian World Studies, Civics, Criminal Justice & Law, Documentary, History, Social Issues, Social Studies, Sociology
Grade Level: 7 - Post Secondary
Country of Origin: Canada
Copyright Year: 2016
Running Time: 51
Closed Captions: Yes
This documentary tells why Japanese Canadians were forcibly removed from the West Coast in 1942 and placed on sugar beet farms as labourers in Manitoba and finally settling in Winnipeg.
On 25 February 1942, a mere 12 weeks after the 7 December 1941 attack by Japan on Pearl Harbor and Hong Kong, the federal Cabinet, at the instigation of racist BC politicians, used the War Measures Act to order the removal of all Japanese Canadians residing within 160 km of the Pacific coast. At the time the government claimed that Japanese Canadians were being removed for reasons of "national security." Over 20,000 men, women and children of Japanese ancestry, 75% of whom were Canadian citizens, were removed from their homes, farms and businesses. Many were sent to work on sugar beet farms in Manitoba. Living conditions were often poor, with no electricity or running water. In 1949, they were finally given back their full citizenship rights including voting rights and being allowed to move back to the BC coast, although their property was gone. In 1988, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney formally apologized to Japanese Canadian survivors and their families.
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